Middle-lane hogging - here are the facts and what the law says about it

For some drivers, middle-lane hogging is one of the most frustrating driving habits.

It's almost a British institution to get irritated behind the wheel, but middle-lane hogging seems to be on another level to most frustration.

Here we take a closer look at middle lane hoggers, answering the questions: is it illegal, why do people do it and is it ever justified?

Firstly, what is “middle-lane hogging”?

When driving along a three-lane motorway, rule 264 of the Highway Code states:

“You should always drive in the left-hand lane when the road ahead is clear.

If you are overtaking a number of slow-moving vehicles, you should return to the left-hand lane as soon as you are safely past.”

Middle-lane hogging is when vehicles remain in the middle lane longer than necessary, even when there aren’t any vehicles in the inside lane to overtake.

Why is middle-lane hogging bad?

Middle-lane hogging

During busy periods, middle-lane hogging can cause congestion as traffic funnels through the outside lane to pass a lane hogger.

If the driver in the middle lane moved over, the same traffic could be split over two lanes.

Many also see staying in the middle lane as selfish, because if someone is correctly following the Highway Code and driving in the inside lane when they catch up with a middle-lane hogger, they then need to move across two lanes to overtake the lane hogger to avoid ‘undertaking’.

This also means the overtaker has to complete four lane changes in total, instead of two.

Why do people middle-lane hog?

There’s no clear reason why people hog the middle lane.

It could be because practical motorway training isn’t part of the UK driving test – meaning drivers haven’t been taught how to drive on the motorway, apart from what they’ve learnt as part of the theory test.

Middle-lane hogger

It could also be down to laziness – it’s easier to sit in the middle lane rather than move in and out of the inside lane.

Isn’t it safer sometimes to sit in the middle lane, instead of weaving in and out of traffic?

Changing lanes is one of the riskiest manoeuvres carried out on motorways.

It’s when you’re most likely to come into conflict with other vehicles – either by missing them in your blind spot, misjudging another car’s speed or moving into a space at the same time as another vehicle.

It might seem logical, then, to remain in one lane on the motorway rather than ‘weaving’ between lanes when overtaking.

It’s true that drivers should avoid excessive weaving.

Use common sense – if you’ve overtaken a vehicle in lane one and you’re approaching another, you’d normally be right to remain in the middle lane.

Speed is a factor, though: how long will it take for you to catch up with the next vehicle?

And are there vehicles behind you waiting to get past?

Excessive weaving should definitely be avoided during periods of heavy traffic.

Often, during times of congestion on smart motorways, the overhead gantries will display advice to ‘stay in lane’.

Heavy congestion

While it might be tempting to switch lanes if others seem to be moving quicker than you, doing so can cause extra congestion if other drivers have to brake to let you in.

If everyone stays in their lanes, congestion will usually ease quicker than if people keep trying to move into the fastest lane. It’s more relaxing for the driver, too.

Is middle-lane hogging ever justified?

We’ve mentioned that middle-lane hogging might be justified during periods of heavy traffic (although in these instances, the inside lane is usually full so it’s not really classed as lane hogging), but there are other times when it’s OK to sit in the middle lane.

One time is when approaching a slip road joining the motorway.

Although technically traffic joining the motorway has to give way to vehicles already on the motorway, it might be wise to move into the middle lane to give cars room to join.

Similarly, if you’ve overtaken a car in the inside lane and are approaching a junction, in some circumstances it might be worth remaining in the middle lane until you’re past the slip road and it’s safe to move over.

If you’re approaching a stranded vehicle on the hard shoulder, it might be worth moving into the middle lane in case any passengers step into the carriageway, or the car pulls out suddenly.

Is middle-lane hogging illegal?

police officer speaking to driver

Yes, it is an offence, although it comes under ‘careless driving’, along with tailgating, accidentally running a red light and even being distracted by eating or drinking.

New laws introduced in 2013 give police officers the power to hand out on-the-spot fines of £100 and three penalty points, meaning failing to keep left on the motorway could hit you in the pocket.

What should you do if you see a middle-lane hogger?

Middle lane hogging

Despite widespread publicity around the fines for careless driving since their introduction in 2013, middle-lane hoggers are still a common sight on UK motorways.

While annoying, you should resist the urge to react.

Being overcome with road rage is more dangerous than lane hogging. 

How can middle-lane hogging be stopped?

The new fixed penalties were intended to reduce the number of people lane hogging and carrying out other acts of careless driving on UK motorways, but it’s still prevalent today.

With the number of traffic police falling, it’s increasingly difficult for police to fine lane hoggers, and it’s not something that can be monitored using cameras in the same way speeding can.

Education, rather than punishment, is a more viable way of reducing the number of lane hoggers in the long term.

The Government announced motorway lessons for learner drivers will be an option from 2018, but they will not be mandatory.

If learner drivers were given practical lessons in lane discipline, this would help reduce the number of lane hoggers. Did you know we offer specialist learner driver insurance? And if you're looking to borrow a car for a short-period of time, you can take our temporary car insurance from 1 hour to 30 days. It only takes 15 minutes to activate. 

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